Every household produces waste material on day to day basis. The waste is composed of a large number of things such as remains of vegetable and fruits, packing materials, newspapers advertisements, pieces of papers, rappers, empty bottles, packing and packages of food articles and medicines, used sanitary napkins and host of other things that we use in day today life. All this kind of waste material are of different types. All these things should be disposed of separately so that they can be decomposed properly and do not collect as garbage. We can find out the heap of garbage outside most of the Indian citizens. Even our capital city Delhi is unable to process this garbage and we can find out large hillock made of garbage while entering into Delhi from Haryana side. This garbage is the source of foul smell that every Delhite have to bear with. Almost all of the modern cities in India have more or less same situation. Therefore, it is very important to segregate the household waste and manage it properly so that we can save our environment.
It is important to know that different type of waste should be segregated properly for disposing it properly. Normally household wastes can be divided into two parts:
- Bio-Degradable Waste
(Organic Waste or Kitchen Waste)
Leaves from garden
Wood shavings, pencil shavings
- Non-Bio Degradable Waste
Tetra packs of juices and milk drinks
Old dusting clothes
Why is Segregation important?
Segregation is important because:
• If the waste is not separated properly, it all gets mixed up in landfills. The dangers of this is that they all leak after a period of time, resulting in leachate or toxic soup at the bottom, which can contaminate ground water and release explosive methane gas.
• Methane is a greenhouse gas, which ultimately leads to climate change, extreme climates and droughts. We can see the impact already in the world.
• Segregation protects health. When rag-pickers put their hands into the waste to clean it up, it results in cuts that further leads to infections, resulting in deterioration of a rag-picker’s health. Hence, it becomes our responsibility to help these rag-pickers by carefully segregating the waste that is generated at our homes.
• When the waste is not separated properly it leads to less recycling because it is not easy to remove materials for recycling. This means many resources are wasted.
How can you segregate?
• Start segregating the waste in your own house now.
• Segregation is one of the easiest practices to follow; it starts in your own kitchen. The waste can be categorized as wet and dry waste.
• Take two separate bins. One, which will have all the wet waste and the other, will have all the dry waste. Initially, begin segregation in your kitchen. Treat all the other waste from the rest of the house as dry waste.
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